Individual PIPA Recommendations
BL – BASELINE ND – NEW DEVELOPMENT
BL 01 – OBTAIN TRANSMISSION PIPELINE MAPPING
Purpose: Provides pipeline mapping information for local government agencies to assist with planning and permitting issues.
Steps: Contact the National Pipeline Mapping System (NPMS) at www.npms.phmsa.dot.gov/ and apply for access to the Pipeline Information Management Mapping Application (PIMMA).
Benefit: When downloaded into a GIS system, the information provides access as to the location and characteristics of transmission pipeline facilities in a particular jurisdiction as well as contact information for the operator in relation to other community developments, neighborhoods and resources. Having all of the information in one system provides for better coordination of resources and more timely analysis of impacts when developments or community changes are proposed near the pipeline facility.
BL 05 – DEFINE TRANSMISSION PIPELINE CONSULTATION ZONE
Purpose: Establishes an area around an existing transmission pipeline, that when developed in, requires communication to occur between the property developers and/or the owners and the pipeline company.
Steps: Before establishing a Consultation Zone, a governmental entity should visit with the pipeline operator or operators in their community to determine the appropriate distance or area from the system that is designated as the Zone. Each pipeline has unique characteristics and
operating conditions in addition to taking local considerations into account.
Benefit: Increased communication between operators and stakeholders that impact the land-use practices should be encouraged, especially before a development project is approved. The exchange of information and increased dialogue will assist with mitigating potential safety impacts of the development by addressing any potential or known issues during the planning and design state of a project.
ND 16 – LOCATE AND DESIGN WATER SUPPLY AND SANITARY SYSTEMS TO PREVENT CONTAMINATION AND EXCAVATION DAMAGE
Purpose: Prevent excavation damage by locating water supply and disposal systems away from, or avoiding, the location of transmission facilities.
Steps: When drilling a water-well, ensure that rigs are clear of a pipeline right-of-way. Also the location of well up-gradient and any septic tank or drain field should be located away from the right-of-way.
Benefit: Excavation damage is the leading cause of pipeline incidents. Designing and locating facilities away from underground pipeline infrastructure reduces the likelihood that activity will disturb or impact the integrity of these systems. Additionally, well contamination could occur in the event of a hazardous liquid pipeline incident. By placing the location of a well up-grade, the chances of contamination will be less likely to occur.
ND 17 – REDUCE TRANSMISSION PIPELINE RISK IN NEW DEVELOPMENT FOR RESIDENTIAL, MIXED USE AND COMMERCIAL LAND USE
Purpose: Design new buildings and facilities to mitigate the potential impacts from a transmission pipeline incident.
Steps: Determine what is appropriate land-use near and adjacent to pipeline operations. Require communications between land owners and developers and pipeline operators during the planning process and require mitigation measures to be taken to prevent encroachment while also considering alternative escape routes.
Benefit: Taking proactive steps to design structures that take into account existing pipeline operations can improve public safety and limit damage to buildings in the event of an incident in addition to limiting interference with the on-going operations, monitoring and maintenance of the infrastructure.
ND 23 – CONSIDER SITE EMERGENCY RESPONSE PLANS IN LAND USE DEVELOPMENT
Purpose: Ensure that any developments accommodate the timely response and access to an area impacted by a pipeline related emergency.
Steps: Governmental planning entities should ensure any development plans take into account ways to ensure the proper emergency response activities. These can include access to shutoff valves, personnel and equipment, the location and capacity of fire hydrants, and capabilities with regard to incident command, triage and staging areas.
Benefit: Not only developing, but practicing emergency response enables both responders and pipeline operators to build relationships before an emergency occurs. This provides an opportunity for each stakeholder to become familiar with the practices and procedures and determine
how to work together to protect the health and safety of people, the environment and any property impacted by an incident.