HOW PIPELINES SERVE OUR COMMUNITIES
The invisible highway — is a phrase that commonly refers to America’s network of more than 2.6 million miles of pipelines. In addition to being the safest and most efficient way of transporting our energy resources, the use of pipeline infrastructure results in less pollution, road congestion and damage to roads.
For example, a pipeline transporting 300,000 barrels per day of liquid material would require 1,500 tanker truck loads per day, a load delivered every minute, around the clock. In the case of natural gas, there is no efficient alternative to transporting it through pipelines.
Gathering pipelines… collect oil and natural gas from production areas. These pipelines are generally located in rural areas.
Transmission pipelines… carry larger quantities of refined energy resources such as oil and natural gas longer distances, as these resources are not always produced near where they are refined or consumed. The general location of all transmission pipelines can be viewed in the National Pipeline Mapping System at www.npms.phmsa.dot.gov.
Distribution pipelines… deliver natural gas to manufacturing, commercial and residential customers to produce electricity, provide heat, cook food and help maintain comfort in our lives.
Distribution pipelines exist in most communities; they are virtually everywhere. Within the invisible highway system, distribution lines can be more likened to boulevards, streets, alleys and driveways, unlike the interstates that support ease in travel for longer distances across the country and from city to city.
PIPELINES DELIVER PRODUCTS THAT…
- Supply power generation facilities
- Fuel planes, automobiles and truck transportation
- Manufacture plastics and pharmaceuticals
- Support military exercises and initiatives
- Dry agriculture crops
- Heat homes